PNM AND BRITISH EGYPTChirol
has finished Part III of his series on PNM Theory and British domination of Egypt
:"According to Barnett’s criteria for the effectiveness of a military intervention, creating enough security to attract substantial FDI, the British occupation was successful. In terms of increasing the flows of globalization (relevant to that time), it also succeeded. However, as soon as the English finally left, the country succumbed to a coup in 1952 which has lasted to this day. Whether the British can be blamed for that remains open because they did not truly aim to create the a constitutional monarch that would last but rather one that they could manipulate, ultimately leading to the nationalist backlash which ruined the country and doomed it to one man rule."
An interesting follow-up for Chirol would be the subsequent and bloody British intervention against the Mahdist state in Sudan
, undertaken to punish the destruction of the force that had been commanded by Charles "Chinese" Gordon
at Khartoum. A young Winston Churchill accompanied that expedition to watch the undaunted cavalry of the Mahdi, swords in one hand and Qurans in the other, charge headlong into the guns of Kitchener's