HAMMES ON 5GWColonel Thomas X. Hammes
, author of the critically acclaimed The Sling and The Stone
, opines on the nature of 5GW
" Fourth Generation Warfare Evolves, Fifth Emerges
After surveying the evolution of 4GW, Hammes errs on the side of caution while speculating on the possible form that 5GW might take. Like John Robb
, Hammes sees the potential for superempowered groups motivated by primary loyalties; as with Fred Ikle
, the proliferation of potentially deadly dual-use technologies figures significantly. Like Chet Richards
and Peter Singer
, Hammes is interested in the growing role of PMCs.
In terms of alternative defense thought, Hammes has put up a solid, consensus-building, article. I think however, we may be reaching the stage where we need to try and envision the unexpected, in terms of the evolution of 5GW. Extrapolating linear trajectories from current military practice has been a fertile field for 4GW theory and for visualizing 5GW . I worry however that we ("we" meaning broadly all those think and care about such matters) are unwisely crafting a box of expectations for ourselves. Narrowly framing our premises inevitably creates a lacuna of inattention to other variables.
Perhaps, we need to consider a stage of scenario exercises mixing military theorists with experts from radically different domains, perhaps alongside some horizontal thinking visionaries, futurists and science fiction writersADDENDUM:*ARHERRING*
has extended commentary on Hammes at Dreaming 5GW
( Thank you for the correction, Curtis. Apologies to Arherring for my mistake).
Labels: 4GW, 5GW, dni, hammes, horizontal thinking, military, theory, war